Last week we read one article by Lisa Nakamura "Race In/For Cyberspace: Identity Tourism and Racial Passing on the Internet". This week in Cybertypes Nakamura elaborates on the term 'identity tourism' in more detail -- the pleasure that we can have another gender, race, or identity. The earlier articles we read so far give me the feeling that the Internet is nirvana -- no birth, no age, no illness, no death, no gender, and no race. You can be whoever you want in cyberspace. You can create your own digital identity which may be totally different from your real identity.
â€¢ Lack of access: found along race, class, gender
Ways that identities are transforming in cyberspace
â€¢ Tool of communication
â€¢ Daily vocabulary: "cybersex, online, file compression, hypertext link, download
â€¢ Lev Monovich: two layers to new media: content, computer layer (interface)
â€¢ Old medium: writing
Who Am We?
Women and Children First: Gender and the Settling of the Electronic Frontier
By Laura Miller
The beginning of "A Rape in Cyberspace; or, How an Evil Clown, a Haitian Trickster Spirit, Two Wizards, and a Cast of Dozens Turned a Database into a Society" by Julian Dibbell drew my attention to this article. In the article, he used words such as voodoo doll, have sex, and ghostly sexual violence that make me imagine what the story of this article is. The fact that this article was written in 1993 is fascinating to me. Cyberrape is not new and it's still a problem in cyberspace. Dibbell wrote this article from his experience when he was in LambdaMOO, a subtype of MUD, as Dr. Bombay.
The Body and the Screen
Theories of Internet Spectatorship
By Michele White
In the Body and Screen, Michele White indicates the hidden messages presented in the form of the websites. Comparing the hidden message of the form of the websites much the same as discussing what is the message of the vodka advertisement. According to the author, "Internet and computer spectator" and the term "spectatorship" also indicates a commitment to employing theory in order to understand texts and an interest in developing hybrid critical model in order to understand certain internet settings.
"A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century" By Donna Haraway talked about a cyborg that is a combination of machine and human being. Cyborgs seem to merge between reality and fiction. There have been many movies that try to create the story of cyborgs. When I saw the title of the article, I thought of the Terminator, Edward Scissorhands, Bicentennial Man, Star Wars, and A.I. movies but when I read it I was surprised that the author could link the concept of cyborg with gender, race, class, sexuality, ethnics, and politics.
Last Friday I went to the Knowledge Management symposium. It was very good. I gained new knowledge and refreshed my knowledge from several speakers. Agi and Shabnam did a good job when they gave a presentation on Changing Workforce & Knowledge Management. I also went to the Symposium - Page, Screen, and Pixel: Media in Transition last Saturday. I missed the first talk but I did like the second speaker, Bob Stein, who spoke on The Evolution of Reading and Writing in the Networked Era. I gained insight and ideas from his talk. He is the director of the Institute for the Future of the Book.
Bolter and Grusin impressed upon readers that remediation is a process of technology evolving around current technology that it improve itself as time progress along.
Remediation: Understanding New Media by Jay David Bolter and Richard Grusin is an impressive book. This book is divided to three sections: theory, media, and self. The first three chapters introduce the concept of remediation and the theory behind it. There are two main ideas: immediacy and hypermediacy. To me, the concept of immediacy is derived from McLuhan's article, The medium is The Message. This concept tries to deminish the border of content and media. The content is the media in another form. The authors use virtual reality (VR) as an example.